200 North Main Street | Bloomington, Illinois | 309-827-0428

Judy Markowitz Collection

Processed by: Valerie Higgins, June 2007 | Reprocessed by: Kiley Davis, September 2008


  1. Collection Information
  2. Historical Sketch
  3. Photographs
  4. Scope and Content Note
  5. Box and Folder Inventory
Collection Information

Volume: 2 boxes
Dates: 1980-2005
Restrictions: None
Reproduction: Permission to reproduce or publish material in this collection must be obtained in writing from the McLean County Museum of History
Provenance: Gift
Location: Archives

Historical Sketch

Judy Markowitz was born on February 21, 1938 to David and Gertrude Stern. She was a middle child, with an older sister, Sybil, and a younger brother, Harry. Her grandparents on her father’s side were born in Russia, and after immigrating to St. Louis, they moved to Bloomington in 1906 and established a furniture store on the 500 block of North Main St. Her mother was the daughter of a developer from Dayton, Ohio and was active in the community, serving as a member of the League of Women Voters and as president of the Art Association and Brokaw Service League. Markowitz grew up in Bloomington and lived at 417 Woodland on the corner of Woodland and Oakland until 1948, when her family moved to 30 Country Club Place. In an interview with Carol Koos (item 1.4), Markowitz describes her childhood as “very happy” and says she was lucky to have parents who “gave me a good self-image and who gave me opportunities to be independent and to make mistakes, and taught me to love myself.”

Markowitz attended Washington Junior High School, where she was often involved in the school assemblies and plays, gaining experience in public speaking that would continue to serve her throughout her life. In one of her speeches, Markowitz stated that she “blossomed into a leader the year I was elected student council president at Washington Junior High, the first of many elected or appointed leadership roles throughout my school years.” Markowitz was interested in the arts from an early age, and in addition to her school activities, she also took lessons in singing, dancing, art, piano, and elocution. Markowitz continued to be active in high school, where she became a class officer and editor of the yearbook. She was interested in theater, and spent two summers at drama schools at the University of Colorado and Northwestern University before graduating from Bloomington High School in 1956. Markowitz then attended Northwestern University’s School of Drama with the intention of becoming an actress, but later switched to the School of Education. During her time at college, she joined Alpha Epsilon Phi, a Jewish women’s sorority, and took off part of her junior year to travel in Europe for several months.

After graduating from Northwestern in 1960, she moved to Dayton, Ohio where she lived with her grandmother and taught first grade. After returning to Bloomington for a brief time in 1961, she moved to Newton, Massachusetts, where she taught first grade for another year before traveling to Japan in the fall of 1962 to teach English to junior high school students. While she was in Japan, Mayor McGraw of Bloomington notified her that he was forming a sister city relationship between Bloomington and the Japanese city of Asahikawa, and requested that she go to Asahikawa to open the relationship and give the mayor of the city a gift, which she did. After several months in Japan, she had the opportunity in 1963 to travel to Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Cambodia, Burma, India, Israel, Iran, Spain, and elsewhere before returning to the United States and moving to Chicago. After working as a clinic coordinator and substitute teacher, Markowitz returned to teaching first grade for three years, this time in LaSalle, Illinois. During this period, she met Ed Harrison, her first husband, and they were married in 1965. She had her first son, Ian, in 1968. In 1969 her husband left his job as a salesman to become a partner in the Stern family furniture business and the couple moved back to Bloomington. The following year her son Scott was born. In 1973 Markowitz and Ed Harrison were divorced, and in 1975 she married her divorce attorney, Bob Markowitz. Judy Markowitz spent the next fifteen years raising her sons, but also became very active in the Bloomington community during this time, joining the League of Women Voters and other volunteer groups. She also worked as the secretary of the transit board, which Markowitz calls the beginning of her political life.

In 1980, Markowitz became a member of the Bloomington Planning Commission. She worked on the commission for a total of eight years, serving as chair for the final two. In 1982 she also began working as promotion coordinator at WJBC Radio, a position she remained in until 1992, when she started her own business, Judy Tours. In 1988 she began observing the Bloomington City Council as part of her service in the League of Women Voters. She was troubled by the lack of questions and discussion at the meetings, and so decided to run for a seat. Through a door-to-door campaign against the incumbent Hugh Atwood, she won the 1989 election, becoming the alderman of Ward 5, located in the northeast section of Bloomington, and one of only five women to serve on Bloomington’s city council in its first 147 years. She continued to see problems in the management of the city, and in her interview with Koos she states that Jesse Smart, the mayor of that time, would meet with developers and make deals without consulting her or the other members of the city council. She quickly began asking questions and raising concerns, such as when she vocally opposed and voted against the controversial plan to demolish and redevelop the block of buildings south of the old McLean County Courthouse. Undaunted by a battle with breast cancer in 1992, Markowitz ran for a second term in 1993 and was reelected to her position. Mayor Smart was also reelected in 1993, and during her second term Markowitz grew increasingly concerned about his actions and the amount of debt the city was in. She was particularly worried about expensive projects like the new golf course, “The Den at Fox Creek,” which, according to one of Markowitz’s speeches, forced the city to delay other projects that would have benefited more of the community. Her dissatisfaction prompted her to take action, and in 1996 she decided to run against Jesse Smart, declaring her candidacy on August 22 of that year. Her campaign platform included reestablishing friendly relations with Normal and other nearby communities, reducing city debt, reenergizing downtown Bloomington, fostering a team attitude among city employees, and establishing a clear plan for Bloomington’s future development. She again ran an active, door-to-door campaign that fall, and in 1997 she won the election, taking 56 percent of the vote and 29 of the city’s 34 precincts. On April 30, 1997 Judy Markowitz was sworn in as the forty-third mayor of Bloomington, becoming the first woman to hold that position as well as Bloomington’s first Jewish mayor.

Mayor Markowitz was determined to change the leadership style she had seen under Mayor Smart. She sought to increase diversity in the city council and boards and also tried to foster greater openness within City Hall. One of the ways she did this was through her annual “Mayor Judy’s Pie Party,” in which she personally provided pie for city hall employees in her office to encourage the staff to meet her and to interact with people from other departments. In the Koos interview she states that, “the first thing I told my aldermen was, any question should be asked… the public needs to know the thought processes that we’re going through to make decisions.” She considered her role more as that of a city manager than a “strong mayor,” saying, “I see myself as the out front person, as the public relations person, as the person who people feel like they can pick up the phone and call if they feel stymied, if they feel… that they’re not getting the type of help they need after they’ve contacted the right department.”

Although she handed some of these day-to-day calls over to her administrative assistant, Barbara Adkins, after handling them all herself during her first three years as mayor, she continued to be actively involved in the community throughout her time in office. She attended every one of the seventy-two DARE graduations held during her two terms as mayor, always participated in National Night Out Against Crime, attended neighborhood meetings, and spoke at local schools and many other places in the community. During her time as mayor, numerous projects to improve the quality of life for Bloomington residents were undertaken. The amount of parkland in the community, for instance, was increased by 198 acres, Constitution Trail was extended, a Neighborhood Traffic Control Committee was established, and both city debt and property tax rates were decreased. Markowitz also made the preservation of historic Bloomington and the revitalization of the downtown area two of her main priorities. A board of directors and staff were appointed to aesthetically and economically improve downtown Bloomington, while the Cultural District was founded to revitalize the north section of downtown by making it a center of performing and visual arts. To this end, she put into motion plans to transform the Scottish Rite Consistory into a performing arts center and to construct the U.S. Cellular Coliseum, which is capable of hosting sporting events, concerts, and conventions. Under her watch as mayor, Eastland Mall was expanded and renovated, and new stores were established throughout the city. Other issues of primary concern to Mayor Markowitz were finding a new regional water supply to supplement the water taken from Lake Bloomington and Lake Evergreen as well as making Bloomington more welcoming to the Hispanic community. She calls the passage of the human rights ordinance her “most prized accomplishment.” This was an ordinance in which sexual orientation could not be a factor when trying to obtain housing in Bloomington. She received an extremely appreciative response from the supporters of the gay and lesbian community.

After being reelected to a second term with 82 percent of the vote in 2001, Mayor Markowitz chose not to run for a third term. She believed that after eight years it was time for someone with a new perspective to take over the position and wanted to spend more time with her ailing husband and her two sons. While her last day as mayor was April 30, 2005, her influence on Bloomington will be seen for years to come.  

Scope and Contents Note

The Judy Markowitz Collection primarily consists of material from Markowitz’s time as mayor, including campaign materials, emails, letters, her call log book, speeches, calendars, material from events she attended or helped organize, mayoral stationary, business cards, meeting agendas, city reports, plans and proposals for the U.S. Cellular Coliseum, and recognitions of her service in office. It also contains some materials from before she was mayor, including transcripts of her restaurant reviews for WJBC, records from her time as alderman, materials related to the South Block controversy she voted on as an alderman, and a Judy Tours catalog. Interviews, newspaper clippings, and publications with articles about Markowitz are included in the collection, as well. The materials date from 1980 to 2005.

Box 1 contains folder 1 through folder 32. Folder 1 contains biographical material, primarily consisting of interviews. Folder 2 contains material pertaining to Markowitz’s political life before becoming mayor. Folder 3 contains material on the South Block controversy. Folder 4 contains transcripts of Markowitz’s radio restaurant reviews at WJBC. Folder 5 contains a Judy Tours catalog. Folder 6 contains materials from Markowitz’s mayoral campaigns. Folder 7 contains materials from Markowitz’s swearing in as mayor. Folder 8 contains Markowitz’s speeches from January 1997 through May 1998. Folder 9 contains Markowitz’s speeches from June 1998 through April 1999. Folder 10 contains Markowitz’s speeches from October 1999 through November 2004. Folder 11 contains newspaper articles related to Markowitz. Folder 12 contains Markowitz’s letters and other personal papers. Folder 13 contains Markowitz’s call and email log book. Folder 14 contains material from Markowitz’s school visits. Folder 15 contains materials on historic Bloomington and its preservation. Folder 16 contains Markowitz’s calendars. Folder 17 contains city reports. Folder 18 contains Markowitz’s business cards and official stationary. Folder 19 contains materials from Bloomington events Markowitz attended. Folder 20 contains materials from the dedication of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library in Springfield, Illinois that Markowitz attended. Folder 21 contains publications with articles on Markowitz. Folder 22 contains materials relating to Bloomington’s Sesquicentennial celebration. Folder 23 contains material from Bloomington events that took place while Markowitz was mayor. Folder 24 contains awards and recognitions for Markowitz’s service in office. Folders 25 through 31 contain information related to the U.S. Cellular Coliseum. Folder 32 contains letters to Markowitz about the sexual orientation ordinance that she passed.

Box 2 is a half box and contains folder 33 through folder 38 and three notebooks. Folder 33 contains letters and cards to Markowitz, congratulating her on being elected mayor. Folder 34 contains opinion letters from Bloomington residents on what they believe should happen in Bloomington. Folder 35 contains numerous staff directories for city employees. Folder 36 contains information and letters about the time Markowitz spent as a caregiver for her husband. Folder 37 contains information about Mayor Robert McGraw and the dedication of a park to him. Folder 38 contains information and records about the death of Judy Markowitz’s husband, Robert Markowitz. There are three notebooks included at the end of the collection; all three pertain to the U.S. Cellular Coliseum. The first two are proposals from different companies for the construction of the arena and the third notebook is from a meeting where the proposal of a downtown Bloomington arena is discussed.

Box and Folder Inventory
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Box 1:
Folder 1:
Biographical Material
1.1 Judy Stern Markowitz,” undated, brief biography, 1 page.
1.2 Interview with Judy Markowitz, undated, questions not included, 5 pages.
1.3 “Interview with Judy Markowitz, Mayor of Bloomington, Illinois” by Carol Koos, February 3, 2001, transcribed by Judith Myers, 51 pages.
1.4 Interview with Judy Markowitz by Megan Guarienti, September 2, 2001, 3 pages.
1.5 “Judy Markowitz Responds to B/N Business Journal,” September 14, 2002, questions not included, 5 pages, (2).
1.6 “Ten Reasons I am Proud of Bloomington, in Random Order” by Judy Markowitz, January 29, 2001, 1 page.
1.7 of some of Mayor Judy Markowitz’s accomplishments, February 2001, 2 pages.
1.8 “Judy Markowitz,” undated, brief biography listing Judy’s past community involvement, 2 pages.
1.9 “Judy Stern Harrison Markowitz: Civic/charitable activities in Bloomington, IL,” undated, includes biographical material, 2 pages.
1.10 Brief biography written for Holiday Inn plaque, undated, 2 pages.
Folder 2:
Political Life Before Mayor
2.1 Letter from Mayor Richard Buchanan notifying Markowitz of her appointment to the Bloomington Planning Commission, April 15, 1980, 1 page.
2.2 3 information cards from Markowitz’s 1989 campaign for 5th Ward Alderman.
2.3 Pamphlet from Markowitz’s 1989 campaign for 5th Ward Alderman.
2.4 3 door hangers from Markowitz’s 1989 campaign for 5th Ward Alderman.
2.5 Markowitz’s voting record as alderman covering June 23, 1990 through May 8, 1996, December 20, 1996, 4 pages.
Folder 3:
South Block Controversy
3.1 from Bloomington City Manager Herman Dirks to William G. Farrar at the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency regarding 108 West Washington, June 12, 1986, 3 pages.
3.2 Letter from William G. Farrar at the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency to Bloomington City Manager Herman Dirks regarding 108 West Washington, July 21, 1986, 1 page.
3.3 “Determination of No Adverse Effect” with amendments by William G. Farrar at the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, undated, included with item 3.2, 1 page.
3.4 Letter from Don L. Klims of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation to Thomas Hamilton, Director of Community Development, regarding 108 West Washington, August 12, 1986, 1 page.
3.5 “Downtown Redevelopment Project: South Block Analysis,” undated, proposal by Young Architects for redeveloping the south block, 9 pages.
3.6 Riddle/Switzer Architects proposal to redevelop South Block, June 19, 1986, 8 pages.
3.7 Bloomington Renaissance proposal to redevelop the two blocks north and south of the old McLean County Courthouse, October 15, 1987, 13 pages.
3.8 “Presentation for Bloomington City Council and Interested Citizens” on historic preservation by Kenyon and Associates Architects A.I.A., February 29, 1988, 9 pages.
3.9 “Downtown Bloomington,” an analysis of blocks 332, 334, 337, and 338 and plans for rehabilitation by McCormick, Baron & Associates Henderson Gantz Architects, undated, 8 pages.
3.10 Photocopies of photographs of the south block from various angles, undated, 5 pages.
3.11 Photocopy of a 1904 photograph of the intersection of Main and Washington in 1904, looking south.
3.12 “Redevelopment Agreement,” December 17, 1988, agreement between the City of Bloomington and Jack O. Snyder for the redevelopment of the east side of South Block, 6 pages.
3.13 “The South Block, My Position” by Robert Edwards, recommendation to create open space in downtown Bloomington, June 19, 1989, includes diagram of “core area,” 3 pages.
3.14 Business card of Robert Edwards, A. I. A., Architect-Planner.
3.15 “Illinois State Agency Historic Resources Preservation Act,” approved September 1989, 13 pages.
3.16 “Supply and Demand for Long-Term Parking,” July 30, 1990, 1 page.
3.17 Letter from Gene Asbury at Hilfinger, Ashbury, Abels & Associates Architects to City Manager Herman Dirks, July 31, 1990, 1 page.
3.18 Letter from Kurt P. Froehlich at the law offices of Evans & Froehlich to Jerry D. Gummere at The Peoples Bank, August 1, 1990, 2 pages.
3.19 Letter from Kurt P. Froehlich at the law offices of Evans & Froehlich to Jerry D. Gummere at The Peoples Bank, August 1, 1990, 2 pages (Copy 2).
3.20 “South Square Redevelopment,” letter from city manager Herman Dirks and Assistant City Manager Tom Hamilton to the mayor and city council outlining the Snyder, Polk, and Ebach proposals for redeveloping the South Block, August 6, 1990, 5 pages.
3.21 “South Square Redevelopment,” letter from city manager Herman Dirks and Assistant City Manager Tom Hamilton to the mayor and city council outlining the Snyder, Polk, and Ebach proposals for redeveloping the South Block, August 6, 1990, 5 pages (Copy 2).
3.22 “Washington Street Commons,” proposal by Dennis L. Polk’s Peak Development Group for redeveloping the South Block, July 30, 1990, 12 pages.
3.23 “Washington Street Commons,” proposal by Dennis L. Polk’s Peak Development Group for redeveloping the South Block, July 30, 1990, photocopy of item 3.22, 11 pages.
3.24 “Project Costs: Washington Street Commons,” additional material for Peak Development Group’s proposal, includes brief note from Assistant City Manager Tom Hamilton to the mayor and city council, August 6, 1990, 2 pages.
3.25 “Polk’s Properties” by Bill Kemp, December 21, 1989, the Illinois Times, article on Dennis L. Polk, president of Peak Development Group, 6 pages.
3.26 “Lincoln Park,” plan to create a park in the South Block area, undated, 10 pages.
3.27 “Statement of Bloomington Unlimited Regarding the South Block Proposals,” transcript of speech given by the organization’s president, Stephen F. Stockton, July 30, 1990, 10 pages.
3.28 Diagram of South Block for an unidentified proposal, undated, 1 page.
3.29 Notes by Markowitz on the Snyder, Ebach, and Polk redevelopment proposals, undated, 2 pages.
3.30 Letter from Markowitz to “Bill,” December 2, 1990, includes memo from assessor Michael Ireland to the city council and a photocopy of “Property Taxes: the Du Page County Burden” from Tax Facts, 10 pages.
3.31 Letter from Fred Wollrab, a South Block property owner, to Assistant City Manager Thomas Hamilton and city council members outlining his own plan for the rehabilitation of South Block, July 20, 1990, 3 pages.
3.32 Criticism by “Jean A.” of the council’s planning regarding South Block and the Snyder plan, undated, 3 pages.
3.33 “Square plan advances” by Kathy McKinney, July 11, 1990, the Pantagraph.
3.34 “Developer warns clock is running on latest square development plan” by Kathy McKinney and “Tenants unmoved by latest plan” by Gary Mays and Kathy McKinney, July 11, 1990, the Pantagraph.
3.35 “Council appears to lean toward OK of south square plan” by Kurt Erickson, July 12, (1990?), the Pantagraph.
3.36 “2nd plan for block put forth” by Kurt Erickson, July 14, (1990?), the Pantagraph.
3.37 “Snyder alters square plan; unnamed developer passes test” by Kathy McKinney and “Bloomington officials receive ‘sketchy’ third proposal” by Kurt Erickson, July 19, 1990, the Pantagraph.
3.38 “Square plan meeting delayed to August 1” by Kurt Erickson, July 20 (1990?), the Pantagraph.
3.39 “Only two of four downtown Bloomington plans accepted” by Kurt Erickson, July 21, 1990, the Pantagraph.
3.40 “City cautious on demolition idea” by Kurt Erickson, July 29, 1990, the Pantagraph.
3.41 “Parking need at core of square plan’s worth” by Kurt Erickson, September 16, 1990, the Pantagraph.
3.42 “Square plan rejected” by Kurt Erickson, October 9, 1990, the Pantagraph.
3.43 “Council rejects bid for redevelopment” by David Brown, October 10, 1990, the Daily Vidette.
Folder 4:
Restaurant Reviews, WJBC
4.1 WJBC review of the Ozark House by Markowitz, 1992, 2 pages.
4.2 WJBC review of Arnie’s Hanger by Markowitz, July 1992, 2 pages.
4.3 WJBC review of Lucca Grill by Markowitz, July 1992, 2 pages.
4.4 WJBC review of Golden West Steakhouse by Markowitz, July 1992, 2 pages
4.5 WJBC review of the Grand Hotel by Markowitz, July 1992, 2 pages.
4.6 WJBC review of Jumer’s La Radis Rouge by Markowitz, August 10, 1992, 2 pages.
4.7 WJBC review of Phil’s by Markowitz, August 31, 1992, 2 pages.
4.8 WJBC review of Country House & Spirits by Markowitz, September 7, 1992, 2 pages.
4.9 WJBC review of Sirloin Stockade by Markowitz, September 21, 1992, 2 pages.
4.10 WJBC review of Ned Kelley’s by Markowitz, September 28, 1992, 2 pages.
4.11 WJBC review of the Elms by Markowitz, October 5, 1992, 2 pages.
Folder 5:
Judy Tours
5.1 Judy Tours Catalog from 1994.
Folder 6:
Mayoral Campaigns
6.1 Invitation to Markowitz’s announcement of her candidacy in the 1997 mayoral campaign on August 22, 1996, 1 page.
6.2 “Preparing for the 1997 Mayoral Campaign: Judy Markowitz,” undated, events Markowitz attended and her voting records from 1989-1996, 3 pages.
6.3 “Goals as Mayor” by Judy Markowitz, first draft of campaign platform, 1995, 1 page.
6.4 Door hanger from Markowitz’s 1997 mayoral campaign.
6.5 “IWU Poll Results: Challenger Markowitz Beats Incumbent Smart in Bloomington Mayoral Matchup,” March 15, 1996, IWU news release, 3 pages.
6.6 “IWU Poll Results: Voters Favor School Merger, Split Evenly on Gay Rights Measure,” March 15, 1996, IWU news release, includes February 24, 1997 fax of questions and results, 6 pages.
6.7 “Judy Markowitz Acceptance 4 /1/97” by Markowitz, 1 pages.
6.8 prepared concession statement, April 1, 1997, 1 page.
6.8 Markowitz’s prepared concession statement, April 1, 1997, 1 page.
6.9 “Abstracts of Votes Cast at the 1997 Consolidated Election,” April 1, 1997, 1 page.
6.10 Markowitz’s certificate of election to the office of mayor, April 8, 1997.
6.11 2 pamphlets for Markowitz’s 2001 mayoral reelection campaign.
6.12 Email from Markowitz to Charlene Stanford requesting statistics on the 1997, 2001, and 2005 mayoral elections and Stanford’s reply, April 11 and 12, 2005, 2 pages.
6.13 Letter from Judy and from Campaign co-treasurers John and Christine Kibler regarding Chili Supper at The Paragon and a letter explaining why Judy will be a great Mayor, door hanger also included. Envelope addressed to Donna Maaks.
Folder 7:
7.1 5 invitations to Markowitz’s swearing in ceremony on April 30, 1997.
7.2 Photograph of Mayor Markowitz and husband at the swearing in ceremony, May 1, 1997.
Folder 8:
Speeches (January 1997-May 1998)
8.1 “Judy’s Mayoral Stump Speech,” 1997, 12 pages.
8.2 “Speech to AFSCME,” January 8, 1997, includes pages of the city’s 1995-1996 financial report, 12 pages
8.3 “Swearing-In Acceptance,” April 30, 1997, 5 pages.
8.4 “Swearing-In Acceptance,” April 30, 1997, 5 pages (Copy 2).
8.5 Speech for the kick-off for the Relay for Life, February 16, 1998, 2 pages.
8.6 Speech at John Dietzen’s retirement from the priesthood, 2 pages.
8.7 Speech at the Normal Community High School baccalaureate, May 30, 1998, includes graduation event schedule at end, 5 pages.
8.8 Speech at the Normal Community High School baccalaureate, May 31, 1998, 4 pages.
8.9 Speech at the Bloomington High School senior banquet and Normal Community High School baccalaureate, 1998, 22 pages.
8.10 Speech at the Bloomington High School and Normal Community High School graduation, 1998, 22 pages.
Folder 9:
Speeches (June 1998-April 1999)
9.1 Speech to MCC Women’s Division Dinner,” June 18, 1998, 13 pages.
9.2 “Speech to MCC Women’s Division Dinner,” June 18, 1998, includes two draft pages at end, 15 pages.
9.3 Speech at a Veterans’ Day Ceremony, 1998, 5 pages.
9.4 Speech at a Free Methodist Church Gathering, November 1, 1998, 2 pages.
9.5 Speech at the St. Joseph’s Hospital Tree of Lights ceremony, December 2, 1998, 2 pages.
9.6 Speech on Markowitz’s first two years as mayor, undated, 11 pages.
9.7 Welcome address at the Alpha chapter’s Tau Kappa Epsilon Centennial Celebration at IWU, January 9, 1999, includes confirmation letter and a promotional piece for the event, 5 pages.
9.8 “Testimony of Bloomington Mayor Judy Markowitz” at the Illinois Commission on Women’s Issues, July 20, 1998, 2 pages.
9.9 Speech to a Women’s Club, February 9, 1999, 11 pages.
9.10 Speech to a Women’s Club, February 9, 1999, 11 pages (Copy 2).
9.11 Speech to Sunrise Rotary,” March 30, 1999, 7 pages.
9.12 at a farewell party for Japanese student visitors, April 1, 1999, 2 pages.
9.13 Speech at Illinois Women Administrators “Dare to Be Great,” April 24, 1999, 14 pages
9.14 Speech at Illinois Women Administrators “Dare to Be Great,” April 24, 1999, 14 pages (Copy 2).
9.15 Speech at Golden K, April 26, 1999, 7 pages.
Folder 10:
Speeches (October 1999-November 2004)
10.1 “Judy’s Remarks to Chamber Breakfast,” October 5, 1999, 5 pages.
10.2 Judy’s Remarks to Chamber Breakfast,” October 5, 1999, 5 pages (Copy 2, with notes).
10.3 Speech at State Farm, October 12, 1999, 15 pages.
10.4 Speech at the completion of a Management Development Program at Country Companies, October 29, 1999, 16 pages.
10.5 Speech at the completion of a Management Development Program at Country Companies, October 29, 1999, 17 pages
10.6 Address in Las Vegas to Board of Directors for East Coast Hockey League, 2000, 8 pages.
10.7 10.7 Speech at a Habitat benefit concert, February 13, 2000, 2 pages.
10.8 10.8 Speech at Vietnam veteran’s moving wall on its visit to Bloomington, undated, 1 page.
10.9 Speech to healthcare providers panel, May 2, 2000, 3 pages.
10.10 Memorial Day Speech, 2000, 1 page.
10.11 Campaign speech for April 3, 2001 election, 4 pages.
10.12 Veterans’ Day Speech, November 11, 2001, 1 page.
10.13 Memorial Day Speech, May 27, 2002, 1 page.
10.14 Remarks at dinner honoring Don Munson, a Bloomington radio professional and author, June 28, 2002, includes event program and thank you email from Don Munson, 4 pages
10.15 Speech at September 11th memorial ceremony, September 11, 2002, includes event program and timeline, 3 pages
10.16 “State of the City Speech to Chamber of Commerce,” November 10, 2004, 7 pages.
Folder 11:
Newspaper Articles
11.1 “Veterans Parkway fitting site for flags,” February 1, 1991, newspaper editorial.
11.2 “The faces behind Bloomington’s race for mayor: Jesse or Judy?” by Karen Hansen, March 2 and 9, 1996, the Pantagraph Online, 7 pages.
11.3 “Markowitz heading to Vegas for hockey meeting” by Kurt Erickson, 2000, newspaper article.
11.4 Newspaper photograph of Markowitz’s annual Pie Party for city employees, May 11, 2000, the Pantagraph.
11.5 “Markowitz opens door for Farrakhan dialogue” October 4, 2000, editorial from the Pantagraph.
11.6 “Mayoral Memories” by M.K. Guetersloh, May 1, 2005, the Pantagraph, 2 pages.
Johnston Contractors & Stadium Consultants International
Johnston Contractors and Stadium Consultants International’s proposal to the city of Bloomington for a multipurpose sports and entertainment center. It includes information about the experience of their team, the key personnel that would be working on the project, and the approach they would use for the multipurpose center. It also includes current work they are doing, current professional liability claim information, bank references, and fees for their service.
Rivermen, Inc.
This notebook includes a proposal for the Central Illinois’ Family Arena Complex. It includes their organization background and their goals and objectives. It also includes economic and social benefits, financing solutions, facts and figures, and information about other projects they have completed.
Arena Information
This notebook belongs to Judy Markowitz and contains information that was discussed during a meeting. It includes financial information and a slide show of the proposed arena with take home points to consider. It also contains miscellaneous emails and newspaper articles that are relevant to the proposed arena